What exactly is computer programming? The technician’s guide
The world of the 21st century runs on computers. And computers run on programs. Understanding computer programming unlocks the power of computer systems – and programming opens career doors.
Computer programs communicate information to computing devices. The computers then perform tasks based on the instructions of the program. Simple programs ask computers to perform calculations, while complex programs can run video games, analyze big data, or drive a car.
Our guide defines computer programs, explores the uses of programming, and examines the knowledge and skills required for programming careers.
What is computer programming?
What is computer programming? Programming, also known as coding, refers to the process of writing instructions for computer devices and systems. A computer program translates these instructions into a language that computers can understand.
The tech industry relies on computer programming to create innovative new uses for computers. Revolutionary fields like machine learning and artificial intelligence depend on computer programming.
Computer users frequently interact with the programs. Web browsers, for example, are specialized computer programs. These user programs fall under the category of front-end development. In contrast, back-end development creates programs for tasks that the user cannot see, including communicating with the server.
How is computer programming used?
Computer programmers have created all the applications that computers run, from photo editing software to word processors and web browsers. Programming languages unleash the power of computer systems. And without computer programming, our computer devices would not work.
In addition to the uses of programming visible to users, programming languages also manage the hidden face of IT. The programs extract information from databases, implement security procedures to protect private data, and operate memory backup systems.
What do computer programmers do
Computer programmers need more than proficiency in one or more programming languages. They should also know how to debug and modify the code. Programmers often work in teams.
The process of creating a program is complex and involves steps such as:
Conceptualize the purpose of the application
Build a layout of the different parts of the program
Debugging the Code and Resolving Errors
Test the application
Publish the program for beta users
Computer programming jobs
Many tech jobs require programming skills. For example, computer programmers, web developers, software developers, and software engineers all use coding skills on a regular basis.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual salary for computer and information technology occupations was $ 91,250 in May 2020, more than double the median annual salary of $ 41,950 for all occupations. The best IT jobs are also growing above the national average.
Other computer programming jobs include:
Become a computer programmer
Computer programmers learn coding skills through college programs, coding internships, and self-study. A computer science or programming degree builds strong coding skills. If you are wondering how to become a software engineer, researching training options is a good place to start.
Students can also register for online courses, certificate programs, or bootcamps focused on particular programming languages.
Potential programmers should consider their strengths and career goals when choosing which languages to learn. The simplest programming languages have simple syntax and can provide an entry point for tackling more complex languages. Note that different career paths require different programming languages.
What is computer programming used for?
Programming languages tell computer systems to perform tasks. Programmers code software, hardware, and other applications that allow people to use computers.
Is Computer Programming Difficult?
Learning a programming language requires attention to detail and strong problem-solving skills. Focusing on a simpler programming language helps new learners master basic programming skills.
What language is used for computer programming?
This article was reviewed by Monali Mirel Chuatico
In 2019, Monali Mirel Chuatico received her Bachelor of Computer Science degree, which gave her the foundation she needed to excel in roles such as a data engineer, front-end developer, UX designer, and computer science teacher.
Monali is currently a Data Engineer at Mission Lane. As a data analytics captain at a non-profit organization called COOP Careers, Monali helps new graduates and young professionals overcome underemployment by teaching them data analytics tools and coaching them through their professional development path.
Monali is passionate about implementing creative solutions, building community, advocating for mental health, empowering women and educating youth.
Monali Mirel Chuatico is a paid member of the Red Ventures Education Independent Review Network.