How to Become a Cloud Engineer: The Ultimate Guide
Cloud technology has become very popular over the past two decades as the most efficient way for organizations to enhance their computing capabilities and store data securely.
Today, the demand for cloud engineers continues to grow as organizations recognize how valuable cloud services can be in their operations. Therefore, cloud engineering professionals can negotiate fantastic job offers with lucrative compensation.
Additionally, the gradual shift to remote working allows workers to achieve a better work-life balance. If you want to start building a career as a cloud engineer, this guide will help you understand cloud engineering and how you can become one.
What is Cloud Engineering?
Cloud engineering involves the design, development, operation, and maintenance of computer system resources for better data storage and better computing efficiency. He applies engineering principles in designing systems that leverage cloud services to solve IT problems for organizations and consumers.
These cloud services include Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). Becoming a cloud engineer requires acquiring various technical skills.
For example, you must have knowledge of information technology, systems and web engineering. You will also need to be familiar with security, software, services and platform engineering concepts and processes.
It is important to note that cloud computing is different from cloud engineering. Cloud engineering is relatively broad, with several subsets and specialties. These include cloud architecture, automation engineering, cloud software engineering, cloud network engineering, and cloud security engineering.
- Cloud architecture: Building, maintaining, and managing cloud infrastructure and applications is the primary responsibility of cloud architecture professionals.
- Cloud Automation Engineering: Cloud automation engineers ensure that cloud services are designed to function properly without active user management.
- Cloud software engineering: It involves the development and maintenance of databases, software and cloud technology applications.
- Cloud Network Engineering: Working in this area involves connecting users and cloud service providers. Cloud network engineers are in charge of managing the network infrastructure.
- Cloud Security Engineering: This post is about the security of cloud-based platforms. Cloud security engineers typically design and maintain features or processes that fend off security threats and data breaches from cloud-based platforms.
What does a cloud engineer do?
A cloud engineer typically manages an organization’s cloud systems and processes. However, the specific tasks and activities of each engineer differ depending on their roles and specialty. Here’s a short list of what the job of a cloud engineer typically entails:
- Use of cloud providers like Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure, AWS or others to configure the cloud architecture
- Manage access to cloud-based systems and ensure their security
- Export of existing infrastructure and information to cloud systems
- Administer, maintain and troubleshoot cloud-based systems and platforms.
Organizations hire cloud engineers to use cloud services, improve their use of cloud resources, or gain an understanding of cloud service operations.
How to Become a Cloud Engineer
Becoming a cloud engineer is easier today as there are many resources available to get you started. However, it still takes a lot of hard work and dedication to learn the ropes and develop the skills necessary for a successful career in the field. Here’s how you can do it.
1. Get a degree in computer science or any discipline related to information technology
Getting an education is the first step to take if you want to become a cloud engineer. You should have at least a bachelor’s degree in any computer or information technology-related profession, such as software development or data analysis.
These programs will provide you with the foundational knowledge and technical skills you need to start building a career in cloud engineering. Additionally, you can acquire advanced educational qualifications, such as a master’s degree, to increase your marketability in the job market.
2. Take online courses and certifications
You can also build practical, job-ready skills by earning cloud computing certifications. Examples of cloud computing certifications include Amazon AWS Certifications in cloud security and cloud software development, which you can prepare and obtain quickly. Others are:
3. Become an expert in several programming languages
Programming skills are necessary for cloud development and operation. As such, cloud engineers should be familiar with programming languages. You should be proficient in programming languages such as Python, Java, PHP, SQL, Ruby, and Golang.
In addition, you must have a solid foundation on the Linux operating system, its architecture, its operation and the maintenance of its servers. As a cloud engineer, you need to be grounded in Linux operating system processes because most companies use them for cloud development. Additionally, knowledge of DevOps practices is an added advantage as a cloud engineer, as DevOps is a widely used framework in cloud engineering.
4. Understand the operations of cloud service providers
The technical characteristics and operation of the cloud differ from one cloud service provider to another. Therefore, you must have a solid knowledge of cloud service providers and how they work.
This helps you determine the best cloud service to deploy to meet your organization’s requirements. Additionally, understanding how cloud service providers work is critical to effectively managing your organization’s cloud resources.
5. Build an arsenal of technical skills
Cloud engineers need to master a variety of technical skills, including basic cloud computing skills, to thrive in the workplace and take their careers to the next level. One of them is computer networking. You need to know how to connect computer systems and understand virtual networks.
Typically, a cloud engineer’s technical expertise in managing cloud databases is very important. You should also be familiar with database tools such as MySQL and have an in-depth knowledge of cloud security and recovery, as this is a priority for cloud service providers and users.
6. Find entry-level cloud computing roles to gain experience
As cloud engineering roles are very technical, starting your career in a mid-level position can be challenging. Many employers typically hire cloud engineering professionals with three to five years of work experience. However, you can gain hands-on cloud engineering experience by finding internships and entry-level work opportunities in cloud computing.
To get started, you can apply for internships at companies like Microsoft to gain industry exposure and hands-on experience. Other companies like Google and AmazonAWS also have fantastic cloud engineering departments and are always on the lookout for exciting talent. These will give you the experience you need to apply for higher positions and better opportunities.
reach the clouds
Cloud engineering is a growing field with many exciting benefits, and the importance of cloud engineers in the digital age is obvious. However, you need to understand the technicalities, gather the required knowledge, and gain experience to better position yourself for opportunities in this field.